Understanding the benefits and risks of investing in ULIPs

Understanding the fundamentals of investing is critical for anybody trying to accumulate wealth over time. Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs) are a popular investment option. Many investors are drawn to these financial instruments because they combine insurance and investing in a novel way. Let’s take a closer look at why ULIPs are worthwhile, as well as their perks and risks.  

Benefits of ULIPs

  Tax advantages

What is the ULIP plan? It is not only a necessary financial instrument that may help you in your retirement, but it also provides tax benefits. One of the primary benefits of investing in ULIPs is the tax advantage they provide. Premiums paid for ULIPs are eligible for tax deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, up to a defined maximum. Furthermore, the returns on ULIPs are tax-free under Section 10(10D), making them an effective tax-saving device for investors.

  Wealth accumulation

Owing to their dual nature of investing and insurance, ULIPs, such as the NIFTY Midcap 150 Momentum 50 Index product, are effective long-term wealth creation tools. Investors can allocate assets to various investment alternatives, such as equities, debt, or balanced funds, which allows for diversification and potentially greater long-term returns. This makes ULIPs especially appealing to investors with long-term financial goals, such as retirement planning or paying for their children’s education.


ULIPs allow participants to swap between funds in response to changing market circumstances or developing investment objectives. This enables investors to realign their investment portfolio based on their risk appetite, investment horizon, and market forecast, maximising returns, and successfully minimising risks.

  Ensure transparency

ULIPs are recognised for being transparent about costs and investment performance. Investors are given frequent updates on the performance of their funds, as well as thorough information on the different costs associated with the policy. This openness allows investors to make more informed decisions and efficiently track the status of their investments. 

  Life coverage

Along with the investment component, ULIPs provide life insurance coverage, which provides financial security to the policyholder’s family in the case of an unexpected death. This protects family members from financial difficulty and allows them to maintain their level of living even in the absence of the principal breadwinner.

  Fund choices

ULIPs provide a diverse selection of fund alternatives to suit different risk appetites and investing preferences. Investors can select between equities funds for increased growth potential, debt funds for stability, and balanced funds for a mix of the two. This flexibility enables individuals to tailor their investment strategy based on their financial objectives and risk tolerance. 

  Top-up facility

ULIPs have a top-up capability, which allows investors to raise their investment amount by paying extra premiums. This feature allows investors to capitalise on market opportunities or raise their investment by changing financial objectives, therefore increasing the growth potential of their portfolio.

  Make partial withdrawals

After the lock-in period is over, ULIPs allow investors to withdraw a portion of their investment. This feature offers investors liquidity in times of financial need while maintaining the investment’s overall development potential.

  Rider choices

ULIPs allow you to add extra riders, such as critical sickness or accidental death benefit riders, to provide more comprehensive coverage. These riders provide additional financial protection for the policyholder and their family against certain risks, resulting in comprehensive coverage under a single policy.

  Wealth transfer

In the sad case of the policyholder’s death, ULIPs ensure the smooth transfer of wealth to the beneficiaries designated by the policyholder. This guarantees that the policy’s earnings are delivered to the appropriate beneficiaries without delay, protecting their financial future.

  Market involvement

ULIPs enable investors to engage in the equity market, with the potential for better returns than typical insurance policies. Investing in equities funds allows investors to profit from the stock market’s growth potential while also providing the security of life insurance coverage. 

  No capital gains tax

Unlike mutual funds, ULIPs are not subject to capital gains tax, making them more tax-efficient for long-term investors. This tax benefit boosts the overall profits on ULIP investments, boosting investors’ wealth-building potential.

  Lock-in period

ULIPs have a five-year lock-in period, encouraging financial discipline and preventing early withdrawals. This lock-in period guarantees that investors remain committed to their investing objectives and allows their assets to develop unrestricted over time, increasing the wealth accumulation potential of ULIPs. 

  Online access

Many ULIPs provide online policy management, allowing investors to track their investments, evaluate fund performance, and make adjustments to their investment portfolios with ease. This online accessibility improves the overall ease and accessibility of ULIP investments, allowing investors to manage their funds more efficiently.


ULIPs are a low-cost option to invest while also providing life insurance coverage. With lower fees than typical insurance plans, ULIPs provide investors with an effective way to achieve their financial goals while still benefiting from life insurance coverage. 

Risks of ULIPs

  High charges

Premium allocation expenses, policy administration charges, and fund management charges can all reduce returns on ULIPs. Investors should carefully examine the policy papers and select ULIPs with lesser costs.

  Market volatility

As ULIPs invest in market-linked funds, they are susceptible to market fluctuations. Investors can reduce this risk by committing to a long-term investing strategy and diversifying their holdings.

  Surrender charges

Exiting a ULIP early might result in surrender costs, lowering overall returns. Investors should consider their investment horizon before purchasing a ULIP and prevent early withdrawals. 

  Interest rate risk

Debt-oriented ULIP funds are vulnerable to interest rate risk, as variations in interest rates can affect returns. Investors should diversify their assets between stock and debt funds to reduce interest rate risk.

  Limited transparency

Despite attempts to improve openness, certain ULIPs may still be unclear about costs and fund performance. Investors should perform extensive research before selecting ULIPs from trustworthy insurance companies recognised for transparency.

To summarise, despite the risks, ULIPs provide a unique offering for investors seeking both insurance coverage and wealth growth prospects. With careful preparation, risk awareness, and long-term commitment, ULIPs may be an excellent instrument for accomplishing financial goals while also offering peace of mind through insurance coverage.