Understanding Heart Problems, Diagnosis & Treatment

November 8, 2022

Heart disease is a condition that compromises the structure or function of the heart. Heart disease is widely known as one issue. However, the term “heart disease” is a catch-all for a variety of conditions. There are numerous varieties, some of which can be prevented. This article discusses the various types, causes, and signs of heart disease. Risk factors and treatments are also discussed in this article.

Let’s discuss several heart problems:

Coronary Artery Disease

Every year in India, more than 10 million people receive a diagnosis of coronary artery disease. When the heart’s main blood arteries are damaged, this occurs. This condition is brought on by plaque buildup. Because it narrows coronary arteries, blood flow to the heart is restricted.

Symptoms: There are many different coronary artery disease symptoms, which can include nothing at all, chest pain, and heart attacks.

Heart Rhythm Disorders (Arrhythmias)

It occurs as a result of the heart’s erratic beating. Cardiac arrhythmia is the medical term for a situation when the heart’s electrical impulses do not work correctly.

Symptoms: There can be no symptoms at all. However, this disease might produce chest fluttering, chest discomfort, dizziness, and fainting.

Heart Structural Disease

It describes a flaw in the heart’s chambers, valves, or walls. It may be congenital (existing at birth) or develop gradually.

Causes: You are more likely to develop structural heart disease if you have high blood pressure or atherosclerosis, take certain drugs, have experienced a previous heart attack, have rheumatic fever, cardiomyopathy, endocarditis, or other conditions.

Heart Failure

Chronic heart failure impairs the heart’s ability to pump blood effectively. Heart failure can result from inadequate pumping or filling (systolic or diastolic).

Symptoms: Some symptoms include shortness of breath, exhaustion, limb swelling, and a fast heartbeat.

Heart Disease Risk Factors

The main causes of cardiovascular disease include smoking, excessive cholesterol, and blood pressure. People may also be at risk for heart disease due to the following conditions and lifestyle choices:

  • Being a diabetic
  • Excess weight
  • Having a poor diet
  • Insufficient physical activity
  • Excessive alcohol use

Diagnosis Of Heart Diseases

Heart disease can be diagnosed using a variety of tests. At the best hospital in delhi, doctors will start by gathering information about your personal and family medical history, noting any present or previous symptoms, and ordering blood testing. 

Depending on the findings of the evaluation and tests, additional tests can be needed. Some tests don’t require inserting any tools into the body, making them non-invasive. Others, however, necessitate the insertion of tools and are intrusive.

Various diagnostic techniques include:

Tests in the lab – Blood tests:

  • Lipoprotein (a)
  • Lipid profile
  • C-reactive protein (CRP)
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Homocysteine
  • Fasting glucose

Non-Invasive Tests:

  • Echocardiogram
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Stress EKG
  • Carotid Ultrasound
  • Nuclear Stress Test
  • Abdominal Ultrasound
  • Event Recorder
  • Holter Monitor

Invasive Tests:

  • Electrophysiology Study
  • Cardiac Catheterization and Coronary Angiography

Methods Of Treatment For Heart Diseases

How heart disease is treated depends on how severe and developed it is. If you have one type of heart issue, changing your lifestyle may help, but if you have another, you could need an implanted device, such as a pacemaker. Your doctor will decide the ideal course of treatment. You must be sure to adhere to their recommendations exactly and completely.

Heart disease treatment options include:

Lifestyle improvements: The first step in managing heart disease is continually updating one’s way of life. A heart-healthy lifestyle entails living a low-fat, low-sodium diet, doing regular exercise, and giving up smoking.

Medication: Medications may be administered when lifestyle modifications fail to reverse heart disease. Depending on how severe the disease is, a particular type of medication will be provided.

Surgery: When medicine and lifestyle changes are insufficient, surgery may be necessary. Your doctor might suggest a different procedure based on the kind of heart disease you have and the extent of the damage to your heart.

In Conclusion

A comprehensive strategy is necessary for the effective treatment of heart disease. All types of heart diseases are treated by the most skilled medical professionals, which you can find on the best hospital website. Patients receive high-quality treatment at a reasonable cost because of first-rate facilities with cutting-edge technology.