Neurology and Parkinson’s disease

September 5, 2022

Suppose you or your near and dear one is experiencing inexplicable symptoms that appear to be related to the central nervous system. In that case, this could indicate a problem with your neurology. Medically, neurological dysfunction is a disorder that impacts the brain along with the nerve cells located throughout your body and the spinal cord. They can be found in the brain and spine, as well as numerous nerves that connect the two.

Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy are just a few of the disorders. The United Nations estimates that one in every six people worldwide suffers from a neurological disorder. Parkinson’s disease is a chronic neurologic disorder that impacts your nervous system and the body parts governed by these nerves. It is characterized as an illness in which your brain’s parts gradually deteriorate over time. 

What are the Causes of Parkinson’s Disease?

Parkinson’s disease is believed to result from nerve cell degeneration in the substantia nigra, a brain region. This portion of the brain’s nerve cells is in charge of releasing a chemical known as dopamine. Dopamine communicates between the brain’s various parts and the central nervous that deal with and facilitates physical movements.

 The quantity of dopamine found in the brain is limited whenever these nerve cells die or even become worn down. It implies that the portion of the brain that controls bodily gestures cannot work optimally, impacting these gestures to become stagnant and abnormal. Nerve cell degeneration is a gradual process. Parkinson’s disease symptoms typically appear when approximately 80% of the nerve cells in the substantia nigra have died.

How does Parkinson’s disease affect your Neurology? 

The symptoms emerge gradually. The very first symptom could be a hardly perceptible tremor with only one hand. Tremors are prevalent, but the disease can also end up causing rigidity or deceleration of moves. In the initial stages of the condition, your face might indeed show minimal, if any, expression. When you take your step, your arms might not move. Your voice may become tender or mumbled. parkinson disease worsens over time.

The following are the standard and most prevalent effects of Parkinson’s disease on your neurology include: 

1. Cognitive Impairment: 

A known non-motor symptom of Parkinson’s disease, is the inability to think or mentally process. Cognitive changes can be mild or severe. These impairments, which include memory problems, slowed thinking, confusion, and dementia, can cause significant disability. Distractibility, disorganization, forgetfulness, or difficulty solving problems are all symptoms of cognitive changes.

According to one study, cognitive impairments were observable in 19% of patients with Parkinson’s disease at the time of diagnosis.

2. Memory Loss in Parkinson’s disease

One of the most common difficulties for individuals with Parkinson’s disease is recalling previously learned information. Memory has many procedures and different kinds, and people who have Parkinson’s disease have trouble remembering information, but their long-term memory feature is generally undamaged. Recollection cues or decisions can assist individuals with Parkinson’s disease to retrieve information from their brain’s long-term storing section. 

3. Attention Problems in Parkinson’s Disease 

Attention involves sorting info, and individuals with Parkinson’s disease and struggling with attention have problems maintaining focus, particularly as the diversity of a situation intensifies. Attention problems can interfere with both academic learning and daily things, such as trying to walk and engaging in conversation while simultaneously.

4. Slowed thinking in Parkinson’s

Bradyphrenia, a condition in which thinking gets slowed down, or the processing is halted, impacts how people with Parkinson’s disease proceed and react to information. Slow thinking impairs other intellectual capabilities, such as solving problems, and everyday routines, such as having conversations.

5. Parkinson’s disease causes language dysfunction.

Language serves several purposes, which include object naming, word generation, the ability to comprehend, and verbal conceptual frameworks. Although Parkinson’s disease most commonly affects a person’s ability to identify a word, as the disease advances, additional communication barriers, such as difficulties in naming, grasping information, and using more straightforward and less expressive language, may develop.

6. Visual-spatial Impairment in Parkinson’s

Visual-spatial abilities involve the navigational sense and provide an overview of the surroundings. Visual-spatial Impairment creates trouble in individuals’ interpreting, handling, distinguishing, and responding capabilities. Individuals who have Parkinson’s disease and have visual-spatial Impairment may very well have problems accessing things nearer to their homes, reaching for objects, as well as finding any hurdles in their path.

7. Dementia in the Parkinson’s Disease

Dementia is categorized as difficulties in multiple cognitive areas that cause considerable cognitive deficits in everyday activities. Dementia is more prevalent in advanced Parkinson’s disease and generally occurs numerous years after the disease first manifests itself.

8. Other Symptoms

Other symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include:

  • Sleep disturbances, such as insomnia, are prevalent, frequently due to the requirement of frequent urination or because signs worsen during bedtime, causing going over in bed difficult. 
  • Swallowing difficulties may advance as the esophagus passes its contents more slowly. As an outcome, individuals may breathe oral secretions alongside the food or liquids they consume.
  •  Constipation can happen whenever the intestine advances its components more gradually. Constipation can be exacerbated by lack of activity and levodopa, the major medication that is taken to treat Parkinson’s disease.
  • When an individual stands up suddenly, their blood pressure may drop dramatically.
  • Cognitive and psychological symptoms such as anxiety and depression can take shape several years before individuals experience motor symptoms. They intensify as Parkinson’s disease progresses and can exacerbate movement problems.

Neurology Centers Managing Parkinson’s symptoms 

There is no one universal Parkinson’s treatment option. Treatment instead needs to be suited to a person’s symptomatology through a collaborative decision-making procedure with your healthcare professional. Treatment may comprise the kinds of tasks you do on your own, including workouts or things you do under supervision, such as physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech and language therapy. It would also include medications tailored to your specific needs, such as enhancing your mobility. 

Parkinson’s disease treatment is often best done through a cooperative effort by a team at the neurology centers. The help and integration of therapies through your care partner, healthcare professional, and practitioners can cure particular Parkinson’s symptoms.